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Broer, Abraham

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Full Professor

Faculty of Arts and Science - Department of Mathematics and Statistics

André-Aisenstadt Office 6190

514 343-2053

Courriels

Affiliations

  • Membre Centre de recherches mathématiques
  • Membre CRM — Centre de recherches mathématiques

Research area

Student supervision Expand all Collapse all

Géométrie algébrique : théorèmes d'annulation sur les variétés toriques Theses and supervised dissertations / 2017-08
Girard, Vincent
Abstract
This master’s thesis is meant to be a good introduction to toric varieties and sheaves theory. We will show some results already present in the literature whose proofs are either incomplete, divided in multiple sources or too complex for a novice. We will synthesize and detail these results while avoiding (as much as possible) required knowledge of the subject. We will finish this thesis with a proof of some vanishing theorems, required to tackle the Grauert-Riemenschneider theorem’s proof (in the toric case). Prerequisite : some basic knowledge of algebraic varieties or homology would help understand some of the concepts we discuss and a few examples we give refer to Riemann surfaces or CW complexes. But no knowledge past undergraduate-level is required.

Modules réflexifs de rang 1 sur les variétés nilpotentes Theses and supervised dissertations / 2016-09
Jauffret, Colin
Abstract
Let G be a simple, connected, simply connected complex linear algebraic group with parabolic subgroup P G and nilpotent ideal n p. The proper collapsing map G x P n = Gn factors through the normal affine variety N := SpecC [G x P n] which is called a nilpotent variety. Assuming the collapsing is generically finite, we describe the equivariant divisor class group of N using rank 1 reflexive equivariant C[N]-modules. A representative of each class may be chosen as global sections of a line bundle over G x P' n' where G x P' n' = Gn' is a possibly distinct collapsing that factors through the same nilpotent variety. Assuming either G is of type A or the collapsing comes from specific weighted Dynkin diagrams,we showthat each representative arise from a weight that may be chosen dominant. Moreover, if the module represents a torsion element within the class group, then it is Cohen– Macaulay and we deduce a cohomological vanishing theorem.

Problème inverse de Galois : critère de rigidité Theses and supervised dissertations / 2014-08
Amalega Bitondo, François
Abstract
In this master thesis we study finite Galois extensions of C(x). We prove Riemann existence theorem. The notions of rigidity, weak rigidity, and rationality are developed. We obtain the rigidity criterion which enable us to realise some groups as Galois groups over Q. Many examples of ramification types are constructed.

Bounding The Hochschild Cohomological Dimension Theses and supervised dissertations / 2014-08
Kratsios, Anastasis
Abstract
The aim of this master’s thesis is two-fold. Firstly to develop and interpret the low dimensional Hochschild cohomology of a k-algebra and secondly to establish a lower bound for the Hochschild cohomological dimension of a k-algebra; showing that nearly no commutative k-algebra is quasi-free.

Cohomologie de fibrés en droite sur le fibré cotangent de variétés grassmanniennes généralisées Theses and supervised dissertations / 2013-04
Ascah-Coallier, Isabelle
Abstract
In this thesis, we study the cohomology of line bundles on cotangent bundle of projective varieties. To be more precise, let $G$ be an semisimple algebraic group which is simply connected, $P$ a maximal subgroup and $\omega$ a dominant weight that generates the character group of $P$. Our goal is to understand the cohomology groups $H^i(T^*(G/P),\mathcal{L})$ where $\mathcal{L}$ is the sheaf of sections of a line bundle on $T^*(G/P)$. Under some conditions, we will show that there exists an isomorphism, up to grading, between $H^i(T^*(G/P),\mathcal{L})$ and $H^i(T^*(G/P),\mathcal{L}^{\vee})$. After we worked in a theoretical setting, we will focus on maximal parabolic subgroups related to nilpotent varieties. In this case, the Lie algebra of the unipotent radical of $P$ has a structure of prehomogeneous vector spaces. We will be able to determine which cases verify the hypothesis of the isomorphism by showing the existence of a $P$-covariant $f$ in $\comp[\nLie]$ and by studying its properties. We will be interested by the singularities of the affine variety $V(f)$. We will show that the normalisation of $V(f)$ has rational singularities.

Surfaces de Riemann compactes et formule de trace d'Eichler Theses and supervised dissertations / 2010-01
De Benedictis, Sonia
Abstract
In this thesis, we will study several algebraic, geometrical and topological properties of compact Riemann surfaces. Two principal subjects will be treated. First, using the fact that every compact Riemann surfaces of genus g greater or equal to 2 has a finite number of Weierstrass points, we will be able to prove that those surfaces have a finite number of automorphism. Afterward, we will study the Eichler's trace formula. This formula allow us to find the character of an automorphism acting on the space of holomorphic q-differentials. We will start our study using Klein's quartic curve. We will apply Eichler's formula in this case, which will allow us to familiarize ourselves with the statement of the theorem. Finally, we will demonstrate the Eichler's trace formula, treating the case where the automorphism acts fixed point freely separately from the case where the automorphism has fixed points.

Quotients d'une variété algébrique par un groupe algébrique linéairement réductif et ses sous-groupes maximaux unipotents Theses and supervised dissertations / 2010-01
Sirois-Miron, Robin
Abstract
The topological notion of a quotient is fairly simple. Given a topological group $G$ acting on a topological space $X$, one gets the natural application from $X$ to the quotient space $X/G$. In algebraic geometry, unfortunately, it is generally not possible to give the orbit space the structure of an algebraic variety. In the special case of a linearly reductive group acting on a projective variety $X$, the geometric invariant theory allows us to get a morphism of variety from an open $U$ of $X$ to a projective variety $X//G$, which is as close as possible to a quotient map, from a topological point of view. As an example, let $ X\subseteq P^{n}$ be a $k$-projective variety on which acts a linearly reductive group $G$. Suppose further that this action is induced by a linear action of $G$ on $A^{n+1}$ and let $\widehat{X}\subseteq A^{n +1}$ be the affine cone over $X$. By an important theorem of the classical invariants theory, there exist homogeneous invariants $f_{1},..., f_{r}\in C[\widehat{X}]^{G}$ such as $$\C[\widehat{X}]^{G}=\C[f_{1},...,f_{r}].$$ The locus in $X$ of $f_{1},...,f_{r}$ is called the nullcone, noted $N$. Let $Proj(C[\widehat{X}]^{G})$ be the projective spectrum of the invariants ring. The rational map $$\pi:X\dashrightarrow Proj(C[f_{1},...,f_{r}])$$ induced by the inclusion of $C[\widehat{X}]^{G}$ in $C[\widehat{X}] $ is then surjective, constant on the orbits and separates orbits as much as possible, that is, the fibres contains exactly one closed orbit. A regular map is obtained by removing the nullcone; we then get a regular map $$\pi:X \backslash N\rightarrow Proj(C[f_{1},...,f_{r}])$$ which still satisfy the preceding properties. The Hilbert-Mumford criterion, due to Hilbert and revisited by Mumford nearly half-century later, can be used to describe $N$ without knowing the generators of the invariants ring. Since those are rarely known, this criterion had proved to be quite useful. Despite the important applications of this criterion in classical algebraic geometry, the demonstrations found in the literature are usually given trough the difficult theory of schemes. The aim of this master thesis is therefore, among others, to provide a demonstration of this criterion using classical algebraic geometry and of commutative algebra. The version that we demonstrate is somewhat wider than the original version of Hilbert \cite{hilbert}; a schematic proof of this general version is given in \cite{kempf}. Finally, the proof given here is valid for $C$ but could be generalised to a field $k$ of characteristic zero, not necessarily algebraically closed. In the second part of this thesis, we study the relationship between the preceding constructions and those obtained by including covariants in addition to the invariants. We give a Hilbert-Mumford criterion for covariants (Theorem 6.3.2) which is a theorem from Brion for which we prove a slightly more general version. This theorem, together with a simplified proof of a theorem of Grosshans (Theorem 6.1.7), are the elements of this thesis that can't be found in the literature.

Variétés de drapeaux et opérateurs différentiels Theses and supervised dissertations / 2009-11
Jauffret, Colin
Abstract
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group on a field of characteristic 0. This thesis discusses a vanishing theorem for the higher cohomology of the sheaf D of differential operators on a flag variety of G. We show that if P is a parabolic subgroup of G, then H^i(G/P,D)=0 for all i>0. In fact, we give three independent proofs of this theorem. The first proof, due to Hesselink, only works if the parabolic subgroup P is a Borel subgroup. It uses a spectral sequence argument as well as the Borel-Weil-Bott theorem. The second proof, due to Kempf, only works if the unipotent radical of P acts trivially on its Lie algebra. It only uses the Borel-Weil-Bott theorem. Finally, the third proof, due to Elkik, is valid for any parabolic subgroup. However, it uses the Grauert-Riemenschneider theorem. We also present a detailled construction of the sheaf of differential operators on a variety.

Le théorème de Borel-Weil-Bott Theses and supervised dissertations / 2008
Ascah-Coallier, Isabelle
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Division de la gestion de documents et des archives de l'Université de Montréal.

Suites spectrales et exemples d'applications Theses and supervised dissertations / 2006
Cyr, Olivier
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Coefficients de Laurent de la série Hilbert Theses and supervised dissertations / 2006
Elmahdaoui, Aziz Raymond
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Inégalités définissant l'espace d'orbites d'un groupe fini Theses and supervised dissertations / 2006
Marcoux, David
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Un invariant clé dans l'évolution de la théorie des noeuds Theses and supervised dissertations / 2005
Soucy, Martin
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Éléments réguliers du groupe H? Theses and supervised dissertations / 2004
Zuchowski, Dimitri
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Polynômes de Kazhdan-Lusztig et cohomologie d'intersection des variétés de drapeaux Theses and supervised dissertations / 2003
Chênevert, Gabriel
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Les groupes simples de Conway Theses and supervised dissertations / 2002
Côté, Christian
Abstract
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

Research projects Expand all Collapse all

CENTRE DE RECHERCHES MATHEMATIQUES (CRM) FRQNT/Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FQRNT) / 2008 - 2016

ALGEBRAIC TRANSFORMATION GROUPS AND INVARIANT THEORY / 2008 - 2012

Selected publications Expand all Collapse all

Normal nilpotent varieties in F4

BROER, Abraham, Normal nilpotent varieties in F4 207, pp. (2012), , J. Algebra

Extending the coinvariant theorems of Chevalley, Shephard-Todd, Mitchell, and Springer

Broer, Abraham, Reiner, Victor, Smith, Larry et Webb, Peter, Extending the coinvariant theorems of Chevalley, Shephard-Todd, Mitchell, and Springer 103, 747--785 (2011), , Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. (3)

Invariant theory of abelian transvection groups

Broer, Abraham, Invariant theory of abelian transvection groups 53, 404--411 (2010), , Canad. Math. Bull.

Modules of covariants in modular invariant theory

Broer, Abraham et Chuai, Jianjun, Modules of covariants in modular invariant theory 100, 705--735 (2010), , Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. (3)

Differents in modular invariant theory

Broer, Abraham, Differents in modular invariant theory 11, 551--574 (2006), , Transform. Groups

Hypersurfaces in modular invariant theory

Broer, Abraham, Hypersurfaces in modular invariant theory 306, 576--590 (2006), , J. Algebra

The direct summand property in modular invariant theory

Broer, Abraham, The direct summand property in modular invariant theory 10, 5--27 (2005), , Transform. Groups

Decomposition varieties in semisimple Lie algebras

Broer, Abraham, Decomposition varieties in semisimple Lie algebras 50, 929--971 (1998), , Canad. J. Math.

A vanishing theorem for Dolbeault cohomology of homogeneous vector bundles

Broer, Abraham, A vanishing theorem for Dolbeault cohomology of homogeneous vector bundles 493, 153--169 (1997), , J. Reine Angew. Math.

The sum of generalized exponents and Chevalley's restriction theorem for modules of covariants

Broer, Abraham, The sum of generalized exponents and Chevalley's restriction theorem for modules of covariants 6, 385--396 (1995), , Indag. Math. (N.S.)

A new method for calculating Hilbert series

Broer, Bram, A new method for calculating Hilbert series 168, 43--70 (1994), , J. Algebra

Classification of Cohen-Macaulay modules of covariants for systems of binary forms

Broer, Bram, Classification of Cohen-Macaulay modules of covariants for systems of binary forms 120, 37--45 (1994), , Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.

Line bundles on the cotangent bundle of the flag variety

Broer, Bram, Line bundles on the cotangent bundle of the flag variety 113, 1--20 (1993), , Invent. Math.

On the generating functions associated to a system of binary forms

Broer, Bram, On the generating functions associated to a system of binary forms 1, 15--25 (1990), , Indag. Math. (N.S.)